Quick Answer: What Is The Rational Basis Test Quizlet?

What falls under strict scrutiny?

For a court to apply strict scrutiny, the legislature must either have passed a law that infringes upon a fundamental right or involves a suspect classification.

Suspect classifications include race, national origin, religion, and alienage..

What level of scrutiny is age discrimination?

Quasi-suspect classifications receive intermediate scrutiny. Finally, there are groupings courts usually consider to be legitimate. These groupings can be among other things, age-based, criminal record-based, or class-based, and receive “rational basis” scrutiny.

Where does strict scrutiny come from?

The notion of “levels of judicial scrutiny”, including strict scrutiny, was introduced in Footnote 4 of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in United States v. Carolene Products Co. (1938), one of a series of decisions testing the constitutionality of New Deal legislation.

What is rational classification?

Rational taxonomy is based on the assumption that the key characteristic of rationality is deductive inference of certain partial judgments about reality under study from other judgments taken as more general and a priory true.

What is reasonable basis test?

Reasonable-basis test. Definition: A test applied by courts to laws that treat individuals unequally. Sentence: Such a law may be deemed consitutional if its purpose is held to be “reasonably” related to a legitimate government interest.

What does rational basis mean?

Legal Definition of rational basis : a reason or ground (as for legislation or an action by a government agency) that is not unreasonable or arbitrary and that bears a rational relationship to a legitimate state interest — see also rational basis test.

What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?

You’ve likely heard that there are three levels of scrutiny used by courts to evaluate the constitutionality of laws: rational basis review, intermediate scrutiny, and strict scrutiny.

What is rational basis with bite?

After recounting the judicial history that lead to the current anything-goes version of the rational basis test for economic liberty concerns, the court adopted what it termed “rational basis with bite,” which demands “actual rationality, scrutinizing the law’s actual basis, and applying an actual test.”

Is age a suspect classification?

Legislation discriminating on the basis of religion or ethnicity, as well as those statutes that affect fundamental rights, also are inherently suspect. The Supreme Court has not recognized age and gender as suspect classifications, though some lower courts treat gender as a suspect or quasi-suspect classification.

Which test is used most often to help the Supreme Court decide equal protection cases?

When deciding equal protection cases, courts often apply standards known as the rational basis and strict scrutiny tests.

What kind of interest must the government have under the rational basis test?

The Requirements of the Test To pass the rational basis test, the statute or ordinance must have a legitimate state interest, and there must be a rational connection between the statute’s/ordinance’s means and goals.

What is strict scrutiny quizlet?

strict scrutiny. a Supreme Court test to see if a law denies equal protection because it does not serve a compelling state interest and is not narrowly tailored to achieve that goal.

What is minimum rationality?

minimum rationality test. (nonsuspect): the court asks whether the government had a rational basis for making a law that treats a given class of people differently; standard of review used by the courts to evaluate laws that make a nonsuspect classification.

What falls under intermediate scrutiny?

In the free speech context, intermediate scrutiny is the test or standard of review that courts apply when analyzing content-neutral speech versus content-based speech. Content-based speech is reviewed under strict scrutiny in which courts evaluate the value of the subject matter or the content of the communication.

How do you know if something is constitutional?

When courts apply strict scrutiny it is most challenging for the government to demonstrate that a law is Constitutional. Three common tests that courts apply when they conduct judicial review are the rational basis, intermediate scrutiny, and strict scrutiny tests.

What is the purpose of the rational basis test?

Rational basis review tests whether the government’s actions are “rationally related” to a “legitimate” government interest. The Supreme Court has never set forth standards for determining what constitutes a legitimate government interest.

What is the difference between strict scrutiny and intermediate scrutiny?

As the name implies, intermediate scrutiny is less rigorous than strict scrutiny, but more rigorous than the rational basis test. Intermediate scrutiny is used in equal protection challenges to gender classifications, as well as in some First Amendment cases.